Understanding what sewing machine needle to use for your sewing project is key to having a good finish. It can come as a surprise that there are so many different types of needle but for almost all sewing projects there are a key set of needles that you will need to sew for cotton, denim, leather, jersey and fine fabrics.
This guide to sewing machine needles will help make sure you pick the right needle for the right job! You will see a series of numbers on a packet of sewing machine needles, although confusing at first, with a little explanation the numbers will make sense and will help you choose the right needle for your sewing project
1. What Do The Numbers On Sewing Machine Needles Mean?
130/705H – this is the designation for household needles – all have a flattened shank for perfect positioning of the needle in the needle bar. For woven fabrics a standard sharp point needle is the right choice.Europe uses a numbering system for needle sizes (thickness):
- 60/8 for very fine fabrics
- 70/9 for fine fabrics
- 80/11 for medium weight fabrics
- 90/14 for medium to heavy weight fabrics
- 100/16 for heavy weight fabrics
2. Main Types Of Sewing Machine Needles
Schmetz Standard Sewing Machine Needles, Universal Size 70/10£2.80
Schmetz Twin Sewing Machine Needle, 2.5mm, 130/705H£4.00
Schmetz Metallic Sewing Machine Needles, Size 80/12, 130/705H£5.50
Schmetz Super Stretch Sewing Machine Needles, HAx1 SP, Size 75/11£5.00
Schmetz Topstitch Sewing Machine Needles Home Domestic Sewing Machine, Mixed Sizes 80/12 – 100/16£5.50
Schmetz Stretch Twin Sewing Machine Needle, 2.5mm£5.00
Schmetz Jeans Sewing Machine Needles, Size 100/16£4.00
Schmetz Jersey Sewing Machine Needles, Mixed Sizes 70-90£3.50
Schmetz Stretch Sewing Machine Needles, Size 75/11£4.50
Schmetz Microtex Sewing Machine Needles, Size 60-80£3.80
Schmetz Standard Sewing Machine Needles Mixed Set Sizes 70/10 – 100/16£2.80
Schmetz Super Universal Sewing Machine Needles, Size 80/12£5.90
Schmetz Leather Sewing Machine Needles, Size 110/18£5.00
Leather size 100/16. This needle has a wedge at the point, which gives it the ability to pierce heavy fabrics e.g. leather or suede. If you are sewing synthetic leather you may not need a leather needle as the fabric will not be as heavy.
Jeans/Denim (usually a size 90 – 100). This needle has a thick shaft and a strong point to sew through layers of heavy fabric without breaking.
Jersey/Ball Point (various sizes). These needles have a rounded tip that slips between the yarns rather than piercing them and so will not damage knit fabrics. Use this needle when working with jersey fabric and other fabrics that may run if snagged.
Top Stitch (various sizes). This needle has a larger eye to allow for the use of heavier top stitch thread.
Microtextile (usually lower numbers for finer needles). These needles are also known as ‘sharps’ needles. They are thinner that normal needles with a sharper point and are for use on fabrics with a higher thread count or for fine threads.
Twin Needles. These needles have a different numbering system, e.g. 2,5/75 .
- The 1st number is the space between the needles (2,5) = 2.5mm
- The 2nd number is the needle thickness (as before) 75 = fine to medium weight fabrics
A twin needle has two needles on a cross bar connected to a single shaft and will give you an evenly spaced finishing stitch. Remember to ensure that your sewing machine can hold two reels of thread.
Remember! Always check that your needle is not blunted from a previous project. Change your machine needle after every eight hours of sewing or after each project.